Medication-related Problems in the Elderly – Some Solutions

Elderly patientMedication-related problems (MRPs) are a big concern in elderly patients. What are these problems and why are they caused? Studies of the US population show that elderly make only 13% of the population, but 34% of prescription medications are consumed by them. Studies also show that this percentage is going to increase drastically over the coming 30 years, making it necessary to focus on geriatric medication problems more and ensure optimal care of the health of the elderly. Fortunately research has also shown that a great number of professional caregivers can help elderly patients in medication management. They can even take advantage of CeyHello, the best Alzheimer’s app  of which we’ll talk later. First we’ll see what medication-related problems are faced by elderly patients.


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Estrogen Dominance – What is the Reality?

estrogen dominanceMost traditional medical practitioners still propose that menopause is caused by a decline in the production of estrogen and they believe in estrogen supplementation or HRT (Hormone Replacement Therapy), often with synthetic hormones. On the other hand, several alternative practitioners are of opinion that women have too much of estrogen, which results in a condition called “Estrogen Dominance”. This was a groundbreaking invention by Dr. John Lee who proposed that it’s the estrogen dominance which actually causes symptoms of premenopause and menopause, particularly in younger women. According to Dr. Lee the problem can be corrected by rebalancing the estrogen to progesterone ratio through progesterone supplementation.


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Common Lisinopril Side Effects

Lisinopril (trade names are Prinivil and Zestril) is a medication that is used for patients with hypertension symptoms. After myocardal infarction it can be used to reduce complications and also it is medication to treat a congestive heart failure. Patients who suffer from diabetes mellitus, use this medication because it prevents progressing or developing of nephropathy. It can be found in 5, 10, 20 and 40 mg, but the maximum daily intake is 80 mg. This medication is contraindicated in pregnancy because it may increase morbidity and mortality in infants. If a person who uses Lisinopril has diagnosed pregnancy or it is a woman of child bearing age, she should stop using this medication.


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Side Effects of Blood Pressure Medicines

Some people have no choice other than choosing prescription medication for hypertension to control their blood pressure. But you need to know that medication for blood pressure can influence functions of your body, resulting in negative side effects and they could severely harm your body in the long run.


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Lithium – Side Effects And Toxicity

Lithium is the most widely used medication for treating bipolar disorder, acute mania and schizoaffective disorder  It can be found under brand names Eskalith and Lithobid and it is useful in reducing the severity and frequency of mania. Also, this medication can significantly reduce suicide risk, prevent future manic episodes and help relieve bipolar depression.

As every other medicine, Lithium may cause side effects and 75% of patients using it have some side effects, but they are mostly minor.  It takes some time for body to adjust to the drug, probably couple of weeks. The common Lithium side effects are hand tremor  (probably the most common side effect)  , muscle weakness, diarrhea, increased urination, increased thirst and appetite, vomiting, drowsiness, weight gain, acne, hair loss, impaired memory, poor concentration, decreased thyroid function, cardiac arrhythmias.


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Common Lisinopril Side Effects

Lisinopril (trade names are Prinivil and Zestril) is a medication that is used for patients with hypertension symptoms. After myocardal infarction it can be used to reduce complications and also it is medication to treat a congestive heart failure. Patients who suffer from diabetes mellitus use this medication because it prevents progressing or developing of nephropathy. It can be found in 5, 10, 20 and 40 mg, but the maximum daily intake is 80 mg. This medication is contraindicated in pregnancy because it may increase morbidity and mortality in infants. If a person who uses Lisinopril has diagnosed pregnancy or it is a woman of child bearing age, she should stop using this medication.

And what are the common Lisinopril side effects? Any of ACE ( angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors, including Lisinopril, has an irritant persistent cough as the most common side effect. When a patient stops using Lisinopril, this side effect goes away, but sometimes it takes weeks or even months to completely resolves. Another  side effect may be lightheadedness or dizziness, usual symptoms of hypotension. Diarrhea, fatigue, headache, increased serum K (Potassium) levels are also common side effects of Lisinopril.


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